Sabi is the color of the poem. It does not necessarily refer to the poem that describes a lonely scene. If a man goes to war wearing stout armor or to a party dressed up in gay clothes, and if this man happens to be an old man, there is something lonely about him. Sabi is something like that. Bashō (1644-1694)
There is something “lonely” about human existence that poetry, poets capture well. This is not despair, desperation, gloom, or even melancholia. Often these other emotions are in the territory of psychiatry. But, there is an ambiguous zone, maybe a transept where communion is possible, a passage way that words travel through to express sorrow, regret, ultimately loneliness. I am not sure how words manage this. Victor Segalen (1878-1919) in Paintings hints at how words come to have this power:
‘Behind the words I am about to pronounce, there have been objects from time to time; symbols sometimes; often historical ghosts…And even if one did not find any images really painted on them, so much the better, the words would create an image, more freely! And I am unable to dissimulate any longer: I call on you as indispensable helpers in this substitution…This is a shared task: on my side, a kind of parade, a display, a patter…But totally useless, out of place and completely absurd, if it did not find in you its echo and its value. Hence, a certain attention, a certain acceptance on your part, and, on mine, a certain cadence, an abundance, an emphasis, an eloquence are equally necessary’.
There is collaboration between the reader and the writer in the making of whatever it is that poetry does to the internal world to both signal and induce that feeling of loneliness. This collaboration also takes place in clinical encounters. Ordinary language, the patient’s parade, her display or his patter find their echo and value in the clinician.
Issa (1763-1827) one of the canonical Haiku poets was particularly masterly in catching sight of Sabi in nature. Perhaps this was because he had experienced much tragedy, much reason to feel lonely and sorrowful. His mother died when he was 2 years old. His grandmother who had raised him died when he was 16 years old. He had a poor relationship with his stepmother and this strained relationship continued past his father’s death and cause Issa’s father’s will to be contested. He married aged 51 years. His wife Kiku had 4 children all of whom died and she died at the birth of the fifth baby who also died. Issa remarried at age 63 and again in 1825. His third wife survived him and gave birth to his only surviving child after Issa’s death in 1827. It is unsurprising given his personal history that his poems had a special quality of emotional depth:
We humans –
among the blossoming flowers.
One human being,
in a large room.
Another poet, Primo Levi (1919-1987), who understood this dark undertow in human affairs wrote in the poem ‘Monday’
Is anything sadder than a train
That leaves when it’s supposed to,
That has only one voice,
Only one route?
There’s nothing sadder…
And in another poem ‘Shemà’, he wrote
Consider whether this is a man,
Who labors in the mud
Who knows no peace
Who fights for a crust of bread
Who dies at a yes or a no.
Consider whether this is a woman,
Without hair or name
With no more strength to remember
Eyes empty and womb cold
As a frog in winter.
William Carlos William, a doctor poet said of poetry
“There’s nothing sentimental about a machine, and: A poem is a small (or large) machine made of words. When I say there’s nothing sentimental about a poem I mean that there can be no part, as in any other machine, that is redundant”.
I think here Williams is arguing for concision and economy, but also saying that poems like machines are well oiled for a purpose. That they have a function. To say what that purpose is, is not my aim. Rather it is to say that poems are like machines in how they are constructed and in the fact they work towards a purpose. For example, Haiku is a way of sharing a sensory experience with other people. If whilst walking home by Hebden Water I were to see a dragonfly with crimson wings and looking up I found myself in the presence of a young woman wearing a lace blouse and pale shoes with a red bow, a sight resonating with the dragonfly and the moment, I might want to tell other people about that chance encounter.
César Vallejo (1892-1938) wrote a prose poem ‘There is a man mutilated…”, and the tone is in a conspiratorial voice sharing information with the reader:
‘There is a man mutilated not from combat but from an embrace, not from war but from peace. He lost his face through love and not through hate. He lost it in the normal course of life and not in an accident. Lost it in the order of nature and not in the disorder of men…As his face is stiff and dead, all his psychic life, all the animal expression of this man, takes refuge, to translate itself outwardly, in his hairy skull, in his thorax and in his extremities…I know the man whose mutilation left him organless, who sees without eyes and hears without ears”.
Vallejo is the master of corrupted spaces, the interstices between the groan and moan, where pain and human suffering resides. He understood what was “between pain and pleasure”. His life was lived on the edge, without material comfort and always grasping for how far we can exist in the margins of organized society and yet be profitable in our quest for the ineffable something that defines being human.
Finally, Eugenio Montale (1896-1981) in ‘Sorapis, 40 years ago’
And then I led you by the hand to the summit,
to an empty hut. That was our Lake,
a few spans of water, two lives
too young to be old, and too old
to feel themselves young.
It was then that we discovered what age
means; it has nothing to do with time,
it is something which makes us say
we are here, a miracle that
cannot be repeated. By contrast
youth is the vilest of all illusions.
Yes, everything is evanescent and within this reality life is conducted like a dance to music that will last only the briefest of moments. That is what Sabi is, knowing the fragility of existence yet dressing gaily, and dancing.
Photos by Jan Oyebode